WimsBits linux xubuntu 8.04 lts

xubuntu 8.04 lts manual  

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linux xubuntu 8.04 lts

Install and configure xubuntu 8.04 lts linux on a PC.

Install xubuntu 8.04 lts linux packages on:
the motherboards:

AcerPower 8400:
All of the AcerPower 8400 is working nicely with xubuntu 10.04 installed, except for the vga, the video 3D part is broken.
MSI-790gx-g65 (with an ATI Radeon HD 3300 graphics card), the hardware list:

Cooler Master Elite 331
Corsair CX400W
NEC AD-7243S Black (SATA)
Crucial Ballistix DDR3 1600MHz 2GB Kit
WD Caviar Black 640GB 32MB (SATAII)
AMD Athlon II X2 245
Conceptronic TV PVR & Tuner Card (CTVFMi2)
Cooler Master Ultra Silent Fan 120mm

All of the MSI-790gx-g65 is working fine with xubuntu 10.04 installed, except for the tv-card: the video 3D part is broken.

An installation manual:

Linux xubuntu 8.04 lts PC playing music and video. That is what you get when you install the larger part of what can be found below.

(X)Ubuntu versions and code names:

ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog
ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog
ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger
ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake
ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft
ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon
ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron
ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex
ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope
ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx
Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat

Linux xubuntu 8.04 lts kernel version:

Kernel version at installation date:
2.6.24-19-generic
Current kernel version:
2.6.24-28-generic

Bash Shell aptitude commands to install xubuntu 8.04 lts linux software packages:

The Shell aptitude software (installing) commands:
sudo aptitude update
aptitude search (package)
aptitude show (package)
aptitude install --simulate (package)
sudo aptitude install (package)
aptitude remove (package)
aptitude purge (package) (incl. config & data files)
aptitude autoclean
aptitude --purge-unused

Set linux xubuntu 8.04 lts sources to add packages with Synaptic Package Manager:

Set sources to add packages, change in: software sources, or run in shell:
sudo mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list uncomment source lines and get all the binaries: main, universe, restricted, multiverse.
Setting sources for ubuntu updates, change in: software sources, or in /etc/apt/sources.list:
important security updates, recommended updates, or: hardy-security: restricted main multiverse universe

Xubuntu 8.04 lts linux additional software packages:

xserver-xorg-video-ati: for ati (radeon) vga cards
xorg-driver-fglrx: for certain ATI (radeon) vga cards (installed, graphicly with program hardware drivers or with Shell, aptitude)
xserver-xorg-video-radeonhd: for several ATI (radeon) vga cards (installed)

nvidia-glx: for: GeForce4 Ti 4200 with AGP8X (was installed on asus)
With no nvidia-glx, resolution: 1024x768@75
With vga 3d, resolution: 1024x768@62, but non flickering, or 1280x1024@51

close firefox before installing flash:
flashplugin-nonfree: Adobe flash
sun-java6-jre: Sun java
sun-java6-plugin: Mozilla java plugin, required
sudo update-alternatives --config java
firestarter: linux firewall
gnome-media: GNOME Sound Recorder
gconf-editor: editor for the GConf configuration system
gftp-gtk: linux ftp client
smartmontools: linux SMART program
smart-notifier: part of it
sysinfo: system info
tvtime: tv viewer
xarchiver: GTK frontend for most used compression formats
totem-xine: simple media player
totem-plugins-extra: extra plugins
gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg: plugins for audio and video compression formats
gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad: plugins for real-time sound processing, playing videos, not up to par
gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly: plugins for real-time sound processing, playing videos, a set of good-quality plug-ins that might pose distribution problems
xine-ui: gui for the libxine video player library
dvdrtools: to create both CDs and DVDs
libdvdread3: for reading DVDs
libvcdinfo0: to extract information from VideoCD
vcdimager: tools to master (Super)VideoCD
vcdtools: creates Video CD (VCD) filesystem images
cdrdao: records CDs in Disk-At-Once mode

vorbis-tools: several Ogg Vorbis tools
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3: permits decoding of MPEG 1 audio layer III streams
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux: allows demuxing of MPEG2 transport streams (buggy?, not installed, needed for vcd)
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegmux: allows muxing of MPEG2 transport streams

Install linux xubuntu 8.04 lts miscellaneous software and tools:

ifconfig: tcp/ip configuration

run firestarter first
sudo iptables -L -v: firewall table

ldd program: print shared library dependencies

traceroute: trace the route taken by packets over a TCP/IP network
e.g.: traceroute -m 90 192.168.1.0

xfce4-screenshooter-plugin: Xfce plug-in for print screen function (not needed, use gimp: file, acquire, screen shot)

Install and configure xubuntu 8.04 lts linux hardware:

Install and configure hardware:
first check out about hardware and detection:
Run in Shell: tail -f /var/log/messages
Run in Shell: dmesg, or: lspci -v, lspci -vvnn, or: lsusb -v, or: lshw
(To see whether the hardware was detected)

Mount a physical disk on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts, e.g. a secondary slave:

Mount a physical disk, requirements:
Print partition table in sector order format:
Run in Shell: sudo cfdisk -Ps /dev/sda
or: sudo fdisk -lu
or: sudo fdisk -lC /dev/sdb
or: sudo parted /dev/sda print
Startup linux fdisk: sudo cfdisk /dev/sda
select: menu: new, primary, size in MB, beginning, write, quit
partitions: swap: 2000, os: 15000, home: 20000, data: what is left
Remark: only four primary partitions per physical disk are possible and the boot partition should be within 1024 cylinders because of bios limitations
Reboot
choose from: man mkfs.vfat; man mkfs.ext2; man mkfs.ext3
Make fat32, check for bad clusters, fat32, name volume: slave, sectors-per-cluster: 2048, verbose, device /dev/sda5:
sudo mkdosfs -c -F 32 -n slave -S 2048 -v /dev/sda5
Make ext2, block size: 2048, check for bad clusters, label volume: logic1, tell what to do first, verbose, device /dev/sda5:
sudo mke2fs -b 2048 -c -L logic1 -n -v /dev/sda5
Make ext3: block size 4096, check for bad blocks, make ext3 journal, new label name, display or verbose what should be done, device to be formatted
sudo mkfs.ext3 -b 4096 -c -j -L data1 -n -v /dev/sda4
Make ext3:
sudo mkfs.ext3 -b 4096 -c -j -L data1 -v /dev/sda4
default ext3 block size usually is: 4096

Mount a directory not mounted yet on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Mount a directory:
Create directory:
sudo mkdir /media/sda5
when a type error occurs: rm -r sda55
Mount temporarily: sudo mount -t vfat /dev/sda5 /media/sda5
Mount temporarily:sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/sda4 /media/sda4
To find out what to add to fstab to identify the disk, the UUID, run:
sudo blkid
other parameters:
media/to/mount
file type
(defaults: sets specific standard rights: rw, suid, dev, exec, auto, nouser, and async
for vfat only:
iocharset=utf8: sets the character set and makes it case sensitive, just like ext is
umask=007: sets the rights: rgo: rwx,rwx,---
gid=46: for plugdev
for all file systems:
the 0 second last: for dump to decide to disable (or enable: 1) backing up of the device/partition
the 2 at the end: for running a file check not first, a 0 for not & a 1 for first: /, usually)

Mount, so add to /etc/fstab:
#/dev/sdb6
UUID=1D07-1A59 /media/sdbfat vfat defaults,iocharset=utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 2
#/dev/sda6
UUID=47B8-34D6 /media/sdafat vfat defaults,iocharset=utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 2
# /dev/sda4
UUID="942a7493-7012-41c1-aabc-e2701c92270c" /media/sda4 ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 1 2
UUID="27550e33-f2e9-4a9f-996b-c5f4deb4d757" /media/sdb4 ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 1 2

Which could end up like this:

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# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
# /dev/sda1
UUID=29092a3d-1598-4146-bef5-1d3457834b8b / ext3 relatime,errors=remount-ro 0 1
# /dev/sdb7
UUID=aca20303-5fdc-4be6-b97f-0308a60e7f47 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/scd1 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0
/dev/scd0 /media/cdrom1 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0

#/dev/sdb6
UUID=1D07-1A59 /media/sdbfat vfat defaults,iocharset=utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 2
#/dev/sda6
UUID=47B8-34D6 /media/sdafat vfat defaults,iocharset=utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 2
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Or like this:

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# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
# /dev/sda1
UUID=8b8d81d0-b6db-4daf-a871-aec9eaad6fd7 / ext3 relatime,errors=remount-ro 0 1
# /dev/sda3
UUID=cd318d63-4e4d-4b91-9ddf-32d7d85e8732 /home ext3 relatime 0 2
# /dev/sda2
UUID=42e398da-f55c-4605-97e1-ecc263714e6d none swap sw 0 0
/dev/scd0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0

# added partition / disks
# /dev/sda4: LABEL="data1"
UUID="942a7493-7012-41c1-aabc-e2701c92270c" /media/sda4 ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 1 2

# /dev/sdb3: LABEL="hodat2"
UUID="44047af4-9bfb-4d03-b78a-dcf020a9a300" /media/sdb3 ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 1 2

# /dev/sdb4: LABEL="data2"
UUID="27550e33-f2e9-4a9f-996b-c5f4deb4d757" /media/sdb4 ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 1 2

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Reboot
Run in Shell:
cd /
cd media
ls -l
sudo chown username sda4
Create link:
ln -s /media/hdafat/lindat myfiles
ln -s /media/sdbfat mydisk1
ln -s /media/sda4 mydata1
ln -s /media/sdb3 hodat2
ln -s /media/sdb4 mydata2

Install and configure a printer on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts: Brother HL-2140 laser printer:

Install and configure printer: Brother HL-2140:
start up computer, login and plug in usb cable.
menu: settings, printing
select: server settings: local printers: HL-2140_Series
tab: settings: default printer: make default
tab: policies: unselect: shared
tab: access control: default ok
tab: printer options: page size: A4, toner saving: high 50%, resolution: 600 dpi
tab: job options: more 1: media A4. sides: one-sided (two-sided only by manual feed)

Install and configure a printer on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts: Canon Pixma IP 3000:

Install and configure printer: Canon 3000:
menu: settings, printing
menu: edit, new printer, wait for the search result
tab: policies: unselect: shared
tab: printer options: A4, 600x600 dpi, 2-sided printing: off
tab: job options: more 1: media A4.
A4 by paper tray and 4x6 inch by cassette, print fine at 600x600 dpi

gimp: print
tab: page set up: paper source: A4: auto select or: 4x6": cassette
tab: image settings: adjust page size and orientation: A4, (enlarge size)
tab: image settings: adjust page size and orientation: manage custom size: 4x6", landscape, (enlarge size)
tab: image quality: resolution: 600x600 dpi
tab: advanced: shrink (print the whole page)

Install and configure tvtime and remember settings: the fix on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install and configure a Conceptronic CTVFMi2 tv-radio card, adapt the file in e.g. Shell with sudo Thunar:
/etc/modprobe.d/options
add the following line at the bottom of the file:
options saa7134 card=78 tuner=54
save and close the file

Tools for troubleshooting a tv-card:
tvtime show-stats
tvtime -v
tvtime-scanner
fglrxinfo
xvinfo
glxgears
with ati vga cards, try: aticonfig --help

Possible configuration options for xorg.conf:
Section "Device"
Identifier "ATI Technologies, Inc. ATI Default Card"
Driver "fglrx"
#Option "VideoOverlay" "on"
Option "TexturedVideo" "on"
Option "OpenGLOverlay" "off"
BusID "PCI:01:05:0" (find out your bus id nr.)

Pre-AVIVO cards (up to X1050) should use
Option VideoOverlay on
Option TexturedVideo off
Option OpenGLOverlay off

AVIVO cards (X12xx and higer) should use
Option VideoOverlay off
Option TexturedVideo on
Option OpenGLOverlay off

Install and configure tvtime, run in Shell:
sudo aptitude install tvtime
run tvtime and close it
cd ~
sudo chown -c root:username .tvtime
sudo chmod -c g+rwx .tvtime
Settings: Netherlands / B,G / PAL / Zweiton B/G
http://www.videouniversity.com/articles/world-wide-tv-standards

home/username/.tvtime/tvtime.xml, partial configuration:
DefaultBrightness: 40
DefaultContrast: 35
DefaultSaturation: 80

Install and enable Wacom Volito 2 pen tablet (usb) in: /etc/X11xorg.conf on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install and enable Wacom Volito 2 pen tablet, run in Shell:
sudo mousepad xorg.conf
If your xorg.conf is totally ruined, run from Shell selected in boot menu:
sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

Below and example xorg.conf with a working Wacom Volito 2 pen tablet:

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# xorg.conf (X.Org X Window System server configuration file)
#
# If you have edited this file but would like it to be automatically updated
# again, run the following command:
# sudo dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Generic Keyboard"
Driver "kbd"
Option "XkbRules" "xorg"
Option "XkbModel" "pc105"
Option "XkbLayout" "us"
Option "XkbVariant" "intl"
Option "XkbOptions" "lv3:ralt_switch"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Configured Mouse"
Driver "mouse"
Option "CorePointer"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Driver "wacom"
Identifier "stylus"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/wacom" # USB ONLY
Option "Type" "stylus"
# Option "ForceDevice" "ISDV4" # Tablet PC ONLY
# Option "USB" "on" # USB ONLY
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Driver "wacom"
Identifier "eraser"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/wacom" # USB ONLY
Option "Type" "eraser"
# Option "ForceDevice" "ISDV4" # Tablet PC ONLY
# Option "USB" "on" # USB ONLY
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Driver "wacom"
Identifier "cursor"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/wacom" # USB ONLY
Option "Type" "cursor"
# Option "ForceDevice" "ISDV4" # Tablet PC ONLY
# Option "USB" "on" # USB ONLY
EndSection

Section "Device"
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
Driver "nvidia"
Option "NoLogo" "True"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Configured Monitor"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Default Screen"
Monitor "Configured Monitor"
Device "Configured Video Device"
Defaultdepth 24
Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
EndSection

Section "ServerLayout"
Identifier "Default Layout"
screen "Default Screen"
InputDevice "stylus" "SendCoreEvents"
InputDevice "eraser" "SendCoreEvents"
InputDevice "cursor" "SendCoreEvents"
EndSection

Section "Module"
Load "glx"
EndSection
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Install separate xubuntu 8.04 lts linux packages, a manual:

Install Adobe flash for Mozilla browser on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install Adobe flash, run in Shell (with closed web browser):
sudo aptitude install flashplugin-nonfree
sudo aptitude install sudo update-flashplugin
sudo update-alternatives --config java
Version test, adobe.com: your player version: LNX 9,0,124,0 (or updated & higher)
Disabling and enabling plugins in firefox sometimes solves problems.

Install flash (Gnash) for Mozilla browser on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux :

Install flash (Gnash), run in Shell (with closed web browser):
Do not install both Adobe flash and Gnash! Gnash does not play all flash content yet.
sudo aptitude install gnash
sudo aptitude install mozilla-plugin-gnash
Version test, adobe.com: flash player version: lnx 8.0.99.0 (or updated & higher)

Install a program by copying it in a directory on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install a program by copying it, run in Shell:
cd /home/username/unzip/
sudo cp -r PasswordSafeSWT-0.6 /usr/local
sudo chmod -c g+rx pwsafe.sh
run: sh pwsafe.sh
icon command line: sh /usr/local/PasswordSafeSWT-0.6/pwsafe.sh

Install Sun java for Mozilla browser on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install Sun java, run in Shell:
sudo aptitude install sun-java6-jre
sudo aptitude install sun-java6-plugin
Verified java version, sun.com: version check: java 6 update 6 (or updated & higher)

Solve sound problems.

No sound, movie or music in firefox or totem: Install (gstreamer) media codec plugins for totem-xine: sound, movie or music in firefox or totem on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install media codec plugins for totem-xine: sound, movie or music in firefox or totem:
totem-xine: simple media player
totem-plugins-extra: extra plugins
gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg: plugins for audio and video compression formats
gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad: plugins for real-time sound processing, playing videos, not up to par
gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly: plugins for real-time sound processing, playing videos, a set of good-quality plug-ins that might pose distribution problems
xine-ui: gui for the libxine video player library

Missing codec plugins for (burning) movie, music, film, mp3, sound, dvd, vcd and cd. Install (gstreamer) media codec plugins for movie, music, film, mp3 and sound files and a (dvd, vcd, cdr) burn program on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install codec plugins for totem and a burn program: movie, music, film, mp3 and sound:
dvdrtools: to create both CDs and DVDs
libdvdread3: for reading DVDs
libvcdinfo0: to extract information from VideoCD
vcdimager: tools to master (Super)VideoCD
vcdtools: creates Video CD (VCD) filesystem images
cdrdao: records CDs in Disk-At-Once mode
vorbis-tools: several Ogg Vorbis tools

Missing codec plugins for dvb, hdtv or burning an supervideocd on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install codec plugins for watching dvb, hdtv or burning a svcd:
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3: permits decoding of MPEG 1 audio layer III streams
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux: allows demuxing of MPEG2 transport streams (buggy?, not installed, needed for vcd)
gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegmux: allows muxing of MPEG2 transport streams

GNOME sound recorder, for microphone or capture sound recordings:

Install GNOME sound recorder, for e.g. microphone sound recordings:
gnome-media: GNOME sound recorder

Firefox bookmarks, thunderbird old mail files, thunderbird dictionaries, firefox dictionaries.

Install firefox previous installation bookmarks file and exporting bookmarks file on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install firefox previous bookmarks, firefox menu:
first, to view hidden files: in thunar: menu: view, show hidden files
copy from your previous xubuntu installation e.g. the file: bookmarks-2009-12-27.json
install on your new xubuntu installation:
bookmarks, organize bookmarks, import and backup, restore, choose file, browse, open
or from your previous xubuntu installation:
bookmarks, organize bookmarks, import and backup, export html, browse, save
install on your new xubuntu installation:
bookmarks, organize bookmarks, import and backup, import html, next, browse, open
browse to the file: bookmarks.html
producing firefox bookmarks file, firefox menu:
bookmarks, organize bookmarks, import and backup, export html, browse, save

Install, configure, copy thunderbird previous installation mail files on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install, configure, copy thunderbird previous installation mail files:
run thunderbird once first, cancel all and quit it
copy a directory and a file below the following subdirectory from the old installation to the new one:
/home/username/.mozilla-thunderbird

Install thunderbird dictionaries on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install thunderbird and firefox 2.0.x or later, dictionaries: thunderbird, menu:
compose an e-mail, check spelling, language: download more dictionaries
tools, add-ons, install, the downloaded .xpi file. The Dutch 2.2.0 xpi file should work with thunderbird 2.0.0.24, the 3.0.0 does not: thunderbird quits.
install one dictionary by menu if needed, then you can add the unzipped .aff & .dic dictionaries to:
/home/username/.mozilla-thunderbird/r1l2uda8.default/extensions/nl-NL@dictionaries.addons.mozilla.org/dictionaries
or where it could also be installed:
/application directory/dictionaries
make the files read only
restart thunderbird

Install firefox dictionaries on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Install firefox and thunderbird 2.0.x or later, dictionaries: after having them installed in thunderbird: The Dutch 3.0.0 xpi file should work with firefox 3.6.10, though the 2.2.0 version is more correct and complete.
copy this subdirectory with subdirectory and files:
/home/username/.mozilla-thunderbird/r1l2uda8.default/extensions/nl-NL@dictionaries.addons.mozilla.org/dictionaries
to:
/home/username/.mozilla/firefox/28gp9hco.default/extensions/nl-NL@dictionaries.addons.mozilla.org/dictionaries
make the files read only
restart firefox and accept the add-ons extensions

Miscellaneous configurations.

Open ports on firestarter on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Open ports on firestarter:
For p2p and some other networking, opening a port can be useful.
policy:
allow service: torrent
port: 51413
for: everyone
press button: V

Reconfigure: keyboard, video or mouse configuration on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Reconfigure: keyboard, video or mouse configuration:
First boot in ubuntu recovery mode, which is offered in the boot menu.
Run in shell: dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

Change keyboard layout "us" to "us international" on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Change keyboard layout:
Run in shell: setxkbmap us -variant alt-intl
Run in shell to change back: setxkbmap us -variant

Screen saver does not work and screen does not lock, on linux xubuntu 8.04 lts:

Screen saver does not work and screen does not lock:
screen saver activation fix:
menu: applications, settings, settings manager
click: autostarted apps
add: name: screen saver, command: /usr/bin/gnome-screensaver
To lock the screen: press: <ctrl> + <alt> + <del>

Install S.M.A.R.T. for hard disk error detection on xubuntu 8.04 lts linux:

Install S.M.A.R.T.:
S.M.A.R.T.: (ubuntu) smartmontools: Control and monitor storage systems using S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.: (all) smart-notifier: Graphical hard disk health status notifier.
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -s on -t offline /dev/sda; sudo smartctl -l error /dev/sda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda | less; sudo smartctl -H /dev/sda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -t short /dev/sda; sudo smartctl -t long /dev/sda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -l selftest /dev/sda

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