WimsBits linux xubuntu 7.10

xubuntu 7.10 lts manual  

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linux xubuntu 7.10

Installing and configuring linux xubuntu 7.10 on a PC.

(X)Ubuntu versions and code names:

ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog
ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog
ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger
ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake
ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft
ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon
ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex

Installing and configuring linux xubuntu hardware:

Installing and configuring hardware:
first check out about hardware and detection:
Shell: tail -f /var/log/messages
Shell: dmesg, lspci -v, lsusb -v, lshw
(To see whether the hardware was detected)

Mounting a physical disk, e.g. a secondary slave:

Mounting a physical disk requirements:
Print Partition table in sector order format: Shell: sudo cfdisk -Ps /dev/hdd
Startup linux fdisk: sudo cfdisk /dev/hdd
choose from: man mkfs.vfat; man mkfs.ext2; man mkfs.ext3
Make fat32, check for bad clusters, fat32, name volume: slave, sectors-per-cluster: 2048, verbose, device /dev/hdd6:
sudo mkdosfs -c -F 32 -n slave -S 2048 -v /dev/hdd6
Make ext2, block size: 2048, check for bad clusters, label volume: logic1, tell what to do first, verbose, device /dev/hdd6:
sudo mke2fs -b 2048 -c -L logic1 -n -v /dev/hdd6
Create directory: /media/hdd6
Mount temporarily: sudo mount -t vfat /dev/hdd6 /media/hdd6

Mounting a directory not mounted yet:

Mounting a directory:
Mount, so add to /etc/fstab: /dev/hdd6 /media/hdd6 vfat defaults,utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 2
Reboot and all should work
Create link: ln -s /media/hdd6 mydisk2

Reconfigure: monitor (resolution / refresh rate), keyboard, mouse configuration:

Reconfigure: monitor (resolution / refresh rate):
First boot in ubuntu recovery mode, which is offered in the bootmenu.
Run in shell: dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

Install VGA: RIVA TNT2/TNT2 Pro support:

Install vga: RIVA TNT2/TNT2 Pro:
Nvidia propriety driver
nvidia-glx-legacy for: nvidia: RIVA TNT2/TNT2 Pro
sudo nvidia-glx-config enable

Install recognised but not installed Crystal CS4237B:

Install Crystal CS4237B:
To test, run in Shell: sudo modprobe snd-cs4236 isapnp=0 port=0x530 cport=0xf00 irq=5 dma1=1 dma2=0
To install driver: add: snd-cs4236 isapnp=0 port=0x530 cport=0xf00 irq=5 dma1=1 dma2=0
In file: sudo mousepad /etc/modules

Change keyboard layout "us" to "us international":

Change keyboard layout:
Run in shell: setxkbmap us -variant alt-intl
Run in shell to change back: setxkbmap us -variant

Set linux xubuntu sources for adding packages with Synaptic Package Manager:

To set sources for adding packages, run in shell:
sudo mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list uncomment source lines and get all binaries: main, restricted, universe, multiverse.

Newer (and better at removing software) Bash Shell: aptitude commands for installing linux software packages:

The Shell aptitude software commands:
sudo aptitude update
aptitude search (package)
aptitude show (package)
aptitude install --simulate (package)
sudo aptitude install (package)
aptitude Remove (package)
aptitude Purge (package) (incl. config & data files)
aptitude autoclean
aptitude --purge-unused

List of packages to add to linux xubuntu 7.10: on a Dell Precision 410:

Install flash for Mozilla browser:

Install flash:
flash (with closed web browser):
Version test, adobe.com: gsh (or updated & higher)

Install sun java for Mozilla browser:

Install sun java:
Verified java version, sun.com:
Version 6 Update 3

Install S.M.A.R.T. for hard disk error detection:

Install S.M.A.R.T.:
S.M.A.R.T.: (ubuntu) smartmontools: Control and monitor storage systems using S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.: (all) smart-notifier: Graphical hard disk health status notifier.
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -s on -t offline /dev/hda; sudo smartctl -l error /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -a /dev/hda | less; sudo smartctl -H /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -t short /dev/hda; sudo smartctl -t long /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -l selftest /dev/hda

Linux xubuntu miscellaneous software installation:


Print shared library dependencies: ldd program

sound & movie:


To trace the route taken by packets over a TCP/IP network: traceroute

Xfce plug-in: (ubuntu) xfce4-screenshooter-plugin: printscreen function.

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