WimsBits linux xubuntu 6.06 lts

xubuntu 6.06 lts manual  

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linux xubuntu 6.06 lts

Installing and configuring linux xubuntu 6.06 lts on a PC.

(X)Ubuntu versions and code names:

ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog
ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog
ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger
ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake
ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft
ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon
ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex

Installing and configuring linux xubuntu hardware:

Installing and configuring hardware:

Asus A7V8X LAN/ VIA KT400/ S-ATA, the hardware list:
GRA Aopen GF4 TI-4200 DVI AGP (8x) 128MB Tv-out
AMD Athlon XP 2100+ Thoroughbred 1.73 GHz Processor
GEH Midi-Tower 6023MD 350W
FDD 3,5" Floppy 1.44 MB ALPS
DVDI LiteOn 16x/48x IDE bulk
CDWI LiteOn 48/24/48 "Smart" Retail
RAM 256 MB DDR/333 PC2700 Infineon
HDDI 80,00 / 7.200 Western Digital 800BB
MON LG FT-700P Flatron + 17"

first check out about hardware and detection:
Shell: tail -f /var/log/messages
Shell: dmesg, lspci -v, lsusb -v, lshw
(To see whether the hardware was detected)

Mounting a physical disk, e.g. a secondary slave:

Mounting a physical disk requirements:
Print Partition table in sector order format: Shell: sudo cfdisk -Ps /dev/hdd
Startup linux fdisk: sudo cfdisk /dev/hdd
choose from: man mkfs.vfat; man mkfs.ext2; man mkfs.ext3
Make fat32, check for bad clusters, fat32, name volume: slave, sectors-per-cluster: 2048, verbose, device /dev/hdd6:
sudo mkdosfs -c -F 32 -n slave -S 2048 -v /dev/hdd6
Make ext2, block size: 2048, check for bad clusters, label volume: logic1, tell what to do first, verbose, device /dev/hdd6:
sudo mke2fs -b 2048 -c -L logic1 -n -v /dev/hdd6
Create directory: /media/hdd6
Mount temporarily: sudo mount -t vfat /dev/hdd6 /media/hdd6

Mounting a directory not mounted yet:

Mounting a directory:
Mount, so add to /etc/fstab: /dev/hdd6 /media/hdd6 vfat defaults,utf8,umask=007,gid=46 0 1
Reboot and all should work
Create link: ln -s /media/hdd6 mydisk2

Reconfigure: monitor (resolution / refresh rate), keyboard, mouse configuration:

Reconfigure: monitor (resolution / refresh rate):
First boot in ubuntu recovery mode, which is offered in the bootmenu.
Run in shell: dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

Install VGA: GeForce 3D support:

Install VGA GeForce 3D:
VGA 3D: (ubuntu) nvidia-glx: NVIDIA binary XFree86 4.x/X.Org driver.
Shell: sudo nvidia-glx-config enable
Card: GeForce4 Ti 4200 AGP 8x

Configure TV-radio card: tvtime:

Configure TV-radio card:
TV-radio card: (ubuntu) tvtime: A high quality television application.
Settings: Netherlands / B,G / PAL. / Zweiton B/G.
Card: Leadtek Winfast 2000XP Expert
Install errors: run: ./usr/bin/tvtime

Install and configure printer: Canon Pixma IP 3000:

Install and configure Canon Pixma IP 3000
Printer: Canon Pixma IP 3000:
Shell: sudo foomatic-cleanupdrivers
(Cups got "broken" in going from 1.1 to 1.2, xubuntu 6 lts)
Menu: System: Users and Groups:
click tab: groups
select: show all users
select group: shadow
click properties
add user: cupsys to the group
Shell: sudo /etc/init.d/cupsys restart
Add: Make and Model: Canon PIXMA iP4000 - CUPS+Gutenprint v5.0.0-rc2 (text)
Add: Make and Model: Canon BJC-7000 Foomatic/bjc6000a1.upp (color)
Print in color: choose printer model: canon bjc 7000: media source: cassette; resolution: 600x600 dpi; page size: A6, postcard (or: 4x6)

Change keyboard layout "us" to "us international":

Change keyboard layout:
Run in shell: setxkbmap us -variant alt-intl
Run in shell to change back: setxkbmap us -variant

Set linux xubuntu sources for adding packages with Synaptic Package Manager:

To set sources for adding packages, run in shell:
sudo mousepad /etc/apt/sources.list uncomment source lines and get all binaries: main, restricted, universe, multiverse.

Shell apt software commands:

Shell apt software commands examples:
apt-get update
apt-cache search ...
apt-cache show (package)
apt-cache depends (package)
apt-cache rdepends (package)
sudo apt-get check (package)
sudo apt-get install (package)
sudo apt-get remove (package)
sudo apt-get autoclean

List of packages to add to linux xubuntu 6 lts: on an ASUS A7V8X:

Sysinfo: (ubuntu) sysinfo.
Audio and video: (ubuntu) libxine1c2
Audio and video: (ubuntu) not needed: libxine-dev
required: libxine-extracodecs
Audio and video: (ubuntu) xine-ui
Audio and video for Firefox: (ubuntu) totem-xine-firefox-plugin
required: (ubuntu) totem-xine
DVD: (ubuntu) dvdrtools
DVD / CD: (ubuntu) graveman: Graphical tool to burn dvd and cdi, made with gtk.
required: (ubuntu) cdrecord (by: Joerg Schilling), cdrdao, dvd+rw-tools, vorbis-tools
VCD: (ubuntu) vcdtools: VideoCD menu.
VCD: (ubuntu) vcdimager: VideoCD image mastering and ripping tool.
required: libvcdinfo0
VCD: (ubuntu) libvcdinfo0: assists in VideoCD navigation.

Config Editor: (ubuntu) gconf-editor. (no icon).
E-Mail: (ubuntu) mozilla-thunderbird: e-mail, less memory use than Mozilla suite.
Firewall: (ubuntu) firestarter: Linux firewall gui.
FTP: (ubuntu) gftp-gtk: gFTP is a multithreaded FTP client.
Flash: (ubuntu) flashplugin-nonfree: Macromedia Flash Player plugin installer. It is useful for mozilla browser (>=2.1.1) variants.
Flash: (ubuntu) sudo update-flashplugin
Or, when facing errors with flash, try:
Flash: (ubuntu) libflash-mozplugin: GPL Flash (SWF) Library - Mozilla-compatible plugin.
Download *.tar.gz and try copy: libflashplayer.so
To: /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins/libflashplayer.so
Java runtime: (ubuntu) sun-java5-jre: Sun Java(TM) Runtime Environment (JRE) 5.0.
Java runtime: (ubuntu) sun-java5-plugin: The Java(TM) Plug-in, Java SE 5.0., for running Java in various browsers.
Java runtime: (ubuntu) sudo update-alternatives --config java: config java.

Install S.M.A.R.T. for hard disk error detection:

Install S.M.A.R.T.:
S.M.A.R.T.: (ubuntu) smartmontools: Control and monitor storage systems using S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T.: (all) smart-notifier: Graphical hard disk health status notifier.
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -s on -t offline /dev/hda; sudo smartctl -l error /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -a /dev/hda | less; sudo smartctl -H /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -t short /dev/hda; sudo smartctl -t long /dev/hda
S.M.A.R.T. usage e.g.: sudo smartctl -l selftest /dev/hda

Newer (and better at removing software) Bash Shell commands for installing linux software packages:

Shell aptitude software commands:
sudo aptitude update
aptitude search (package)
aptitude show (package)
aptitude install --simulate (package)
sudo aptitude install (package)
aptitude Remove (package)
aptitude Purge (package) (incl. config & data files)
aptitude autoclean
aptitude --purge-unused

Linux xubuntu miscellaneous software installation:

To print shared library dependencies: ldd program

To trace the route taken by packets over a TCP/IP network: traceroute

Xfce plug-in: (ubuntu) xfce4-screenshooter-plugin: printscreen function.

This page was created: summer 2007.

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